Pro Angle Masonry – The Ultimate Golf Bunker Sand

Pro Angle Masonry Charleston is one of the oldest activities and professions. It is responsible for many of the world’s long-lasting shelters, temples, artifacts, and fortifications. It also builds and repairs walls, roads, and bridges.

A banker mason works with rough blocks of stone and shapes them according to a plan or design. They may also work with massive precut stone, which enables cost reduction by minimizing sawing and fixer-masonry costs and accelerates construction

The golf industry is constantly evolving. With innovations in equipment, players can hit the ball farther than ever. One such innovation is patented sand, Pro/Angle Bunker Sand, which has been screened and sized to create the ultimate bunker sand. This sand is made from the finest silica quartz pebbles, fractured through a specialized crushing and grinding process that creates angular particles. The resulting sand is weather-resistant, making it ideal for use in bunkers on the golf course.

A quality assurance program is an important tool in the construction of masonry projects. It is a systematic approach to verify that a structure meets the requirements of the contract documents and applicable building codes. Inspections are typically conducted after construction or at predetermined stages of construction. During inspections, an inspector verifies that the structure of materials and work, to the best of their knowledge, conforms with the contract documents.

Review the Contractor’s field quality control procedures—review material certifications. Verify the strength of masonry units (I’m) following the specifications. Verify the installation of reinforcing steel. Inspect the welding of reinforcement and inspect the welder’s certifications. Verify the installation of bond beams and special shapes. Verify the installation of grout cleanout holes and observation holes.

Review the manufacturer’s fabrication methods and verify they are consistent with responsible RDP-approved submittals and the contract documents. Inspect fabricated reinforcing, detailing, connections, and fasteners for conformance to the requirements of the contract documents. Inspect the installation of relieving angles, ties to the backup structure, and other structural supports for conformance with the contract documents. Verify the installation of refractory and insulation systems for conformance with the requirements of the contract documents.

A golf course’s bunker sand is critical to a well-designed system. The sand’s shape, particle size distribution, and Cu (cushioning factor) play an important role in how the bunker will perform. Choosing the right bunker sand will allow you to achieve the desired performance of your bunkers and improve overall playing conditions. The right bunker sand will also help protect the turf from damage caused by rain and other environmental factors.

Angular sands are preferred by many elite courses for their ability to resist weathering and provide consistent performance, which is especially important in a challenging climate. This premium sand is produced through a specialized crushing and grinding process that fractures high-quality silica quartz pebbles into angular particles, which create the finest bunker sand available. Its unique angularity makes it more difficult for the ball to bounce and roll out of bunkers, allowing the golfer to save shots from troubled spots.

A popular way to determine a bunker sand’s quality is the angle of repose test, which measures how easily sand will stay in place on steep faces. t, oven-dried sand is dropped from a fixed height, and the resulting sand cone’s diameter and height are measured to calculate the slope of the sand. Angular bunker sands have a higher angle of repose than rounded sands, which is ideal for maintaining consistent firmness in bunkers.

One of the most important characteristics of bunker sand is its particle size distribution, defined as the percentage of fine to coarse particles. A sand with a broad range of particle sizes will have lower infiltration rates and a more uniform surface texture. Conversely, sand with a narrower particle size range will have higher infiltration rates and a coarser surface texture.

The sphericity of the sand also plays an important role in its performance. Angular sands have low sphericity, while rounded sands have high sphericity. The sphericity of the particles is important because it affects the amount of water they absorb and how quickly they drain, which can impact the stability of the soil.

Sand bunkers’ quality, appearance, and playability are critical to the golf course’s design and maintenance success. Not all sand is created equal, however. Mineral composition, purity, hardness, particle shape, size, and distribution all impact how sand performs in a designed application.

Pro/Angle sands are produced by fracturing high-quality silica quartz pebbles into angular particles that perform better for your bunker conditions. This angular particle technology improves wind resistance, resists erosion and moisture, and increases the speed of water movement, resulting in better drainage and less maintenance.

The angular particle shape of the Pro/Angle also makes the sand more resistant to movement. Rain and golfers easily move rounded sand particles within a bunker, leading to poor footing, inconsistent lies (“fried egg” conditions), and more maintenance. Pro/Angle sands, on the other hand, are angular and stay in place, reducing labor costs maintenance time, and improving playing conditions.

In addition to the particle shape and size, the uniformity coefficient of a bunker sand is also important. Bunker sand with a low uniformity coefficient will have small, tightly packed particles that create a pore space too tight for proper drainage. The industry-leading uniformity coefficient of Pro/Angle sands allows for good drainage and a loose, firm bunker.

Test results demonstrate that this premium sand meets and exceeds the technical demands of the finest courses in the country. Key numbers such as infiltration rate, angle of repose, and penetrometer rating show that Pro/Angle surpasses all other bunker sands on the market. For example, Pro/Angle has an infiltration rate of over 66 inches per hour. It holds its structure with a slope retention of 1.46, preventing the formation of retention ponds and maintaining consistent footing for your golfers.

Pro/Angle Bunker Sand is the original 100% angular golf course bunker sand. Its angularity and particle size distribution provide significant performance benefits other golf course sands cannot match. These include improved ball compression resistance, better slope retention, durable sand, and superior aerification.

Unlike round sand, angular golf course sand particles resist movement by water and stay in place during rainfall events, dramatically reducing the need for maintenance such as sand push-ups. Pro/Angle’s angularity also helps maintain consistent footing in bunkers, making it more playable than traditional round mason sand.

Masonry materials need proper care to last and look their best. In addition to being beautiful, masonry is critical for the structural integrity of your home or business. If you notice cracks in your walls or stains on the exterior of your building, it’s time to call a masonry repair company that Charleston trusts.

We carry everything you need to get the job done right. Our masonry supplies include:

How Much Does Concrete Leveling Cost?


Uneven concrete surfaces can be unsightly and even dangerous. Fortunately, concrete leveling can lift uneven sections of sidewalks, driveways, and patios without replacing them.

The concrete leveling process fills voids under sinking slabs, stabilizes loose soil, and lifts them back to their original position. It’s also less expensive than slab replacement. Click to learn more.

There are many variables that impact the cost of concrete leveling, and it’s impossible to pinpoint a specific price for the repair until an expert has seen the site in person. That said, it’s possible to get a general sense of the costs involved by looking at pricing ranges for specific locations and service types.

Concrete leveling, also called mudjacking or slab jacking, is the process of returning sunken concrete to its original position without the expense of pouring new concrete. It uses a mixture of limestone grout and slurry to fill the void under the concrete and lift it back up. It can be used to repair a variety of problems, including sinking patios and garage floors. It’s often less expensive than replacing a slab, and it can usually be completed in half the time.

The slurry mix used in concrete leveling is injected through small holes drilled into the concrete. The material expands when it hits water, causing it to lift the slab. The holes are then filled with non-shrinking grout to leave the concrete looking nearly new. While the slurry is being applied, the technician must take care to ensure the soil underneath the slab does not wash away.

If the soil under a concrete slab is washed away, it can cause the concrete to shift and crack. This creates a hole that the concrete sinks into, and it can cause other issues with the structure of the house or garage. Concrete leveling can address this problem and prevent the concrete from becoming unusable.

The cost of concrete leveling depends on the size of the slab and the type of slurry used. A larger slab is more difficult to repair than a smaller one, and it will probably require more slurry. Some products come as a dry mix that you can add water to, while others are pre-mixed in a tub.

You may need a permit to perform concrete leveling, but this varies by location. It’s best to contact a local concrete leveling company to learn more about the requirements in your area. Generally, you will not need a permit for non-load-bearing concrete slabs such as driveways or patios. However, you will likely need a permit for load-bearing concrete slabs such as foundations or basement floors.


Concrete leveling is a cost-effective and time-efficient repair solution for sunken concrete surfaces, including driveways, patios, porches, pool decks, and sidewalks. It uses hydraulic pressure to fill the voids under the slab and lift it back to its original position. It can also be used to repair existing cracks and reduce the risk of future damage due to water erosion or freeze-thaw cycles.

Using concrete leveling is also an eco-friendly alternative to traditional repair methods, such as breaking up and replacing the damaged concrete slab. The process does not require any new cement production, which helps minimize the impact on the environment. It is also quicker and more cost-effective than replacing the concrete slab, as it requires less labor and equipment.

In addition to reducing the environmental impact, concrete leveling can help you save money by preventing tripping hazards and improving the overall safety of your property. Uneven surfaces are a common cause of trips and falls, especially among elderly people and individuals with disabilities. Leveling the concrete can prevent these hazards, making your property safer for everyone who uses it.

Another benefit of concrete leveling is that it can improve the aesthetics of your home or business. Uneven concrete can make your property look dilapidated and unattended, but leveling the surface can raise its curb appeal and make it more attractive to potential buyers or tenants.

If you are considering DIY concrete leveling, it is important to consult a professional before beginning the process. Not only will they have the right tools and equipment, but they will also be familiar with the local soil conditions and know how to adjust the process accordingly. In addition, a professional concrete leveling service will be able to identify any structural problems that may need attention.

One of the most common ways to determine if you need concrete leveling is by observing whether there are hairline cracks from the walls to the floors or if the sidewalk is tilting. Uneven concrete can also lead to water pooling, which can damage the foundation and create a tripping hazard for pedestrians. Concrete leveling can correct these problems and redirect water flow away from the foundation, helping to protect the structure and keep it safe for pedestrians.


If your concrete has become uneven over time, it may be a safety hazard and require leveling. Uneven surfaces are dangerous for tripping and can cause injuries to your family or guests. You can avoid these problems by having your concrete leveled by a professional. The process involves drilling strategic holes in the settled concrete slabs and pumping a lifting compound through them. This compound lifts the slabs back into a level position and also prevents further damage. You can hire a contractor to do this for your home or commercial property. A good contractor will explain all the risks and benefits of this method.

Before you start the process, make sure your work area is clean. Sweep any debris from the surface and look for any glue or other adhesives that need to be removed. You should also wear rubber gloves and dust masks to protect your face from dirt and concrete particles.

You will also need a wheelbarrow to help you move the concrete leveling compound. You should also have a bucket of hot water to pour on the surface. This helps open the pores of the concrete and soften any residue from carpet glue or other adhesives that are stuck to the surface. It is important to do this before you begin the process, as it will make it much easier for the concrete leveling material to adhere to the concrete surface.

After you have prepared the surface, apply a layer of concrete leveling primer to the concrete. This product is formulated to work in tandem with the concrete leveling compound and help it adhere to the existing concrete. It also protects the concrete surface, preventing it from losing water and allowing the concrete leveling compound to last longer.

One of the most common reasons that concrete becomes uneven is due to soil settling. This can occur because of a number of factors, including improper drainage or compaction. It is possible to level a concrete surface without tearing it out, but the problem will most likely return in the future.


Concrete leveling repairs eliminate tripping hazards, stabilize sunken concrete, and prevent the need for expensive replacement. While it can be costly to tear up and replace uneven concrete, a standard concrete leveling job will only take a few hours. This can save you money and time, as well as give you peace of mind that your uneven concrete will last for years to come.

The time required to complete a concrete leveling repair depends on the method used. One popular method is mudjacking, also known as slab jacking. This process involves injecting a mud-like mixture of cement, water, and soil to raise the sunken concrete. Small holes are drilled into the sunken concrete, and the mixture is then pumped into those holes. This process is much more invasive than polyleveling, which uses a similar method but with a different material.

Mudjacking is particularly problematic in the winter, when freezing temperatures can cause the mud-like mixture to solidify or freeze inside the pump. This can prevent the contractor from using the material to lift the concrete. Additionally, cold temperatures can cause a mud-like substance to lose its consistency, leaving behind voids that may not be fixed once the weather warms up.

Another problem with mudjacking is that it can take days for the mud-like mixture to cure and set. This can be a major issue for homeowners who want to use the area as soon as possible. While this problem is not common, it is important to know that it is a possibility before hiring a concrete leveling company.

A final problem with mudjacking is that it can take a long time for the concrete to settle back to its original position after the procedure. This is because the concrete needs to bind to the surrounding soil as it expands and contracts. This is less of a concern with polyleveling since the expanding foam will quickly fill in any voids underneath the concrete.

The time it takes to complete a concrete leveling job will vary depending on the size and complexity of the project. However, a good concrete leveling company will provide a clear and straightforward estimate that will cover all of the costs associated with the service. This will ensure that the client is not surprised by any unexpected expenses or delays in completion.